First International Climate Change Agreement

The first international climate change agreement, known as the Paris Agreement, was adopted by 195 nations on December 12, 2015, at the 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This historic agreement aimed to limit global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, with an aspiration to limit it to 1.5°C.

The Paris Agreement recognized the urgent need to address climate change and ensure that the world doesn`t exceed the 2°C threshold. The agreement marked a significant milestone in the global effort to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and combat climate change.

Under the Paris Agreement, each nation was required to submit a nationally determined contribution (NDC), outlining its efforts to reduce GHG emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. These contributions were to be reviewed and updated every five years to ensure that progress was being made towards the agreement`s goals.

The Paris Agreement also established a framework for financial assistance to developing countries to help them transition to low-carbon economies and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Developed countries pledged to provide $100 billion per year until 2025 and to increase the amount thereafter.

Since the adoption of the Paris Agreement, the world has seen a growing recognition of the need to take urgent action on climate change. Many countries have taken steps to reduce their GHG emissions and transition to renewable energy sources. The European Union, for example, has set a goal of reaching net-zero GHG emissions by 2050, and China has announced its intention to become carbon-neutral by 2060.

However, despite these efforts, the world is still not on track to meet the Paris Agreement`s goals. Global GHG emissions continue to rise, and the effects of climate change, such as sea-level rise and more frequent and severe natural disasters, are becoming increasingly apparent.

The Paris Agreement`s five-year review cycle provides an opportunity for countries to strengthen their commitments and increase their ambition. The next round of NDCs is due to be submitted in 2025, and it is crucial that countries use this opportunity to set more ambitious targets and take bold action to combat climate change.

In conclusion, the Paris Agreement marked a significant milestone in the global effort to address climate change. However, the world is still facing a massive challenge in reducing GHG emissions and limiting the impacts of climate change. It is essential that countries continue to take bold action to transition to low-carbon economies, reduce their GHG emissions, and adapt to the impacts of climate change to ensure a safe and sustainable future for all.