Double Taxation Agreement Zimbabwe

Double Taxation Agreement: What You Need to Know About Zimbabwe

As a business owner or individual earning income in Zimbabwe or intending to invest in the country, understanding the double taxation agreement can save you time, money, and frustrations.

A double taxation agreement (DTA) is a treaty between two countries to avoid double taxation on the same income. The agreement eliminates the potential for taxpayers to be taxed twice- once in their country of residence and again in the country where they earn the income.

Zimbabwe has signed double taxation agreements with several countries, including South Africa and the United Kingdom. The agreement specifies the income types covered and the tax rates applicable in each country.

What is Double Taxation?

Double taxation occurs when two or more tax authorities subject the same income to tax. It can happen in various situations, for example, when an individual earns income in Country A but resides in Country B, or when a business operates in multiple countries.

Without a DTA, taxpayers would be required to pay tax on their income in the country of earning and the country of residence, leading to a higher tax burden and potential double taxation.

The aim of DTAs is to prevent double taxation by specifying which country has the right to tax which income and at what rate.

Zimbabwe Double Taxation Agreements

Zimbabwe has signed DTAs with several countries, including South Africa, the United Kingdom, Botswana, China, India, and Zambia. The agreements cover various income types, such as dividends, interest, royalties, and pensions.

For example, the Zimbabwe-South Africa DTA stipulates that dividends paid by a company in South Africa to a resident of Zimbabwe are subject to a maximum tax rate of 5%. However, the Zimbabwe-United Kingdom DTA exempts dividends paid by a UK company to a Zimbabwean resident from tax in the UK but subject to Zimbabwean tax at a maximum rate of 15%.

The DTA also contains provisions for the elimination of double taxation, dispute resolution, and exchange of information between tax authorities.

The Benefits of Double Taxation Agreements

DTAs offer several benefits to taxpayers, including:

1. Avoidance of Double Taxation: DTA ensures that taxpayers do not pay tax twice on the same income. This eliminates the possibility of unfair taxation and reduces the overall tax burden.

2. Certainty and Clarity: DTAs provide clear guidelines on which country has the right to tax which income, how much tax to pay, and the mechanisms for dispute resolution. This helps taxpayers plan their affairs with certainty and clarity.

3. Promotes Investment: DTAs provide investors with certainty and clarity on their tax obligations, reducing the risk of double taxation and providing a conducive environment for investment.


A Double Taxation Agreement is an important treaty that eliminates double taxation and provides clarity and certainty for taxpayers. Zimbabwe has signed DTAs with several countries, covering various income types and tax rates. As a business owner or individual earning income in Zimbabwe, understanding the DTA can help you minimize your tax burden and avoid double taxation.